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Names that emerged out of the Testaments

In all western linguas, the set of names in usual use is remarkably limited. In countries where there is an settled Biblical Church, the menu of names from which a name may be chosen is largely regulated by the Church or by a secular authority operating within a Christian cultural tradition. These are names with some Christian association (i.e., a name that was developed by a figure appeared in the New Testament, an early saint, or a saint with a regional belief). Many of them have experienced English to German translator in the past. The general generator for such forenames are the following:

• The Bible (New Testament): Names such as Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, and Mary have links in every western language, with various changed and hypocoristic forms, that have given rise to enormous myriads of surnames. Mention must also be made here of the Spanish tradition of Marian names, according to which an attribute of the Virgin Mary can constitute a female given name, despite the noun investigated is masculine in grammar form. Such names among others: Pilar, Remedios, and Dolores.

• The Bible (Old Testament): Old Testament names are, of course, of Hebrew origin, and many of them are used traditionally as Jewish forenames. In their vernacular European forms, names such as Job, Ezekiel, Ebenezer, Zillah, and Mehitabel have been used by Christian fundamentalists (Puritans, Dissenters) from the 16th century. There were developed language translation service even that times. These names are not used by mainstream groups such as Roman Catholics or High-

Church Anglicans, excluding cases where an Old Testament patronymic had also emerged by an early Bible saint (e.g., David, Daniel). Some Old Testament names, specifically female names, such as Deborah and Rebecca, have become extremely popular among Protestants, partly because the scope of New Testament female names is very narrow indeed.

• First Christian saints: Several saints’ names are very widespread (e.g., Anthony, Francis, Martin, Bernard) and are borne by Roman Catholics, Protestants, and religion officers alike. Differently, like Teresa, Dominic, Ignatius, and Aloysius, are developed generally or only by Roman Catholics. Among Roman Catholics in mainland Europe, a habitual given name is regularly chosen in respect of a saint who is the master of the county in which the child is born. in other words, the Italian forename Gennaro is associated chiefly with Naples, Italy, and its saint, San Gennaro, a priest murdered at Pozzuoli at times of persecution of Christians in 304 A.D. Leocadia is connected with Toledo, Spain and its patron saint, who was a virgin martyr who met a same fate in or about the same year and in whose memory the male form Leocadio is also emerged.

Thorndyke Livingston